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Home Heating and Cooling Basics: A Guide for New Homeowners

HVAC LepCp for your new home heating and cooling guide

While owning a home is an incredibly rewarding experience, it comes with a set of responsibilities that can be daunting for new homeowners. One of the most important to understand and keep up with is your HVAC system.

HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, and all of these systems are essential for maintaining a comfortable living environment, especially during a heat wave or a cold snap. To help new homeowners better understand their residential HVAC in Prosper, here’s a guide for home heating and cooling basics.

Types of HVAC Systems

HVAC units come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The most common systems used in homes are central or packaged systems, split units, heat pumps, and radiant heating. 


The most common type of HVAC system is the split system, which consists of two components—an outdoor unit and an indoor unit. The outdoor unit houses a compressor that circulates refrigerant between the two components to cool or heat your home or business. 

This system is ideal for homes with limited space because the outdoor component can be located on a roof or other small area outside the building. It’s also great if you’re only heating or cooling a single space.

Packaged System

Packaged heating and air conditioning systems are similar to split systems in that they use an outdoor component connected to an indoor part through refrigerant lines. However, packaged systems are all-in-one units that combine all the necessary elements—such as a condenser, evaporator, blower motor, and filtration system—into one package located outside your home or business. Because all of these components are housed within one unit, this system requires more space.

Heat Pump Systems

Heat pump systems use a reverse cycle process to transfer heat from one area to another to create air conditioning or heating inside your home or business. Unlike other heating and air conditioning systems that use combustion processes like natural gas, propane or oil, heat pumps don’t generate their heat—they simply transfer it from one place to another using electricity as their power source. 

Heat pumps are extremely efficient because they don’t need much energy to move heat; they just need enough power to keep their internal parts running efficiently and circulate air throughout your building. 

Furnace Systems

Furnace systems are one of the residential property’s most commonly installed heating systems. These systems use a furnace to generate hot air, which is then circulated through ducts and vents throughout your home or business. 

Furnaces typically use natural gas, propane, oil, or electricity as their fuel source. These systems are usually the most affordable and efficient type of HVAC system for heating your home or business.

Radiant Heating Systems

Radiant heating systems use an underground network of pipes to transfer heat from a central source—like a boiler, furnace, or water heater—to provide consistent warmth throughout your home. This system is often installed under the floor and can be used in conjunction with other heating systems to increase energy efficiency.

There are other types of HVAC units, such as space heaters. Note that not all heating and air conditioning systems will work best for your residential property in Prosper, TX. The right heating or air conditioner will depend on your home’s structure, size, and many other factors. Consult a trusted HVAC company when you’re looking for heating or AC installation.

Types of Energy Sources for HVAC Units

When shopping for a new heating and air conditioning system, it’s important to understand the types of energy sources available as it will affect your monthly utility bills.

Electricity is by far the most common type of energy source used in HVAC systems. Electric systems typically run on 240-volt power and are the most efficient for cooling and heating a home or business.

Natural Gas
Natural gas is another common energy source used in HVAC systems. Natural gas-powered systems typically run on 120-volt power and are usually more affordable than electric systems.

Propane-powered HVAC systems are typically less efficient than electric or natural gas systems but can provide an affordable alternative for homeowners in rural areas.

Oil-powered systems are the least efficient type of HVAC system and typically cost more to run than other types of systems. However, they may be the only viable option for certain homes located in remote areas.

No matter which type of HVAC system you choose, it’s important to understand the energy sources available and how they affect your monthly utility bills. The more affordable the energy source in your area, the lower the energy bill. If you want to save more, consider investing in an energy efficient HVAC system.

Installing an HVAC System

The majority of HVAC systems require professional installation. So when starting a heating or AC installation, it’s best to hire a professional installer. Of course, it’s unless you have a plug-and-play heating or cooling system. 

Most heating and air conditioning contractors will take care of everything, from helping you select the right system for your needs to processing permits for the installation.

In terms of cost, the price of a professional air conditioner and heating installation varies depending on the type and size of the system you choose, as well as the complexity of your property. Generally speaking, any project that requires extensive work—such as running new ductwork or installing a completely new system—can cost anywhere from $5,000 to $15,000 or more.

Maintaining an HVAC System

Once your HVAC equipment is up and running, it’s crucial to maintain it properly to ensure optimal performance and energy efficiency. Regular preventative maintenance should include cleaning or replacing filters, inspecting the system for leaks, and checking refrigerant levels. It’s also a good idea to schedule professional maintenance services in Prosper, TX at least once a year.

Professional HVAC maintenance can help prevent costly repairs in the future and can help extend the life of your system. It even helps in improving your indoor air quality. An experienced technician can also offer advice on how to get the most out of your HVAC system, such as tips on proper thermostat settings or ways to reduce energy consumption.

Repairing an HVAC System

No matter how high-quality your HVAC system is, it’s inevitable that you’ll need to repair or replace certain components over time. Your cooling or heating system may have clogged air filters, faulty wiring, and worn-out parts. 

To avoid costly repairs, it helps to address any issue while it’s still small. Learn about the signs of trouble so you can take action quickly if your system malfunctions.

Take note that not all HVAC companies in Prosper, TX offer the same HVAC repairs. Some may only specialize in AC repair and not heater repair. Some HVAC contractors offer 24/7 services for immediate repair, while others are only available during business hours.

Who to Call for Air Conditioning & Heating Services in Prosper, TX?

If you’re in the market for a new HVAC system or need to repair or maintain your existing system, it’s important to call a trusted HVAC contractor that employs licensed HVAC technicians. 

Licensed technicians have the experience and training necessary to install, repair and maintain any type of HVAC system. They will be able to evaluate your home and suggest the best type of system for your needs, as well as provide regular maintenance to ensure that your HVAC system is running efficiently and effectively.

When selecting a contractor for HVAC services, it’s important to research and ensure that the contractor is licensed and insured. You should also ask for references from past customers to ensure that you’re dealing with a reputable company. You can also learn more about the company by reading reviews.

By hiring a qualified contractor for HVAC services, you can rest assured that your system is being installed and maintained correctly. This will help ensure that you get the most out of your HVAC system and can enjoy a comfortable home or business for years to come. Reputable contractors also tend to guarantee great service at a fair price.

Looking For Experts in Residential HVAC Prosper? Call LepCo HVAC & Foodservice Solutions!

LepCo HVAC & Foodservice Solutions is your premier provider of residential HVAC services in Prosper, TX. We specialize in air conditioning and heating systems installation, maintenance, and repair. Our experienced technicians are certified to help you find the perfect system for your home.

Whether you’re looking to install a new heating or AC unit, upgrade an existing one, or maintain and repair your current equipment, LepCo HVAC & Foodservice Solutions is here to serve you. Call us at  (469) 716-6621 to get started.


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